In 50 years, not a single Iowa justice had ever been defeated for retention, but Vander Plaats and his allies made the election into a referendum on gay marriage, and the justices lost. But even in a relatively gay-friendly state, marriage equality was then a radical concept: inHawaiian voters rejected it, 69 percent to 31 percent.
One scholarly study found an extraordinary gap of 44 percentage points between the oldest and youngest survey respondents in their attitudes toward gay marriage. That a particular social reform may be inevitable does not mean that opponents will cease fighting it.
May 7, - Hawaii Supreme Court Rules on Same-Sex Marriages "Hawaii Supreme Court rules the state cannot deny same-sex couples the right to marry unless it finds 'a compelling reason' to do so, and orders the issue back to the state legislature. The Washington Blade.
The Guardian. Marriage is holy, while homosexual acts go against the natural moral law,' the page document by the Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith said Thursday [July 31, ].
Australia New Zealand Nauru. March 5, . Archived from the original on 24 May Retrieved 30 June Archived from the original on 5 March
July 19, - President Barack Obama Supports Dianne Feinstein's Bill to Repeal Defense of Marriage Act "The Obama administration announced Tuesday that it will support a congressional effort to repeal a federal law that defines marriage as a legal union between a man and woman.
In August , two women participated in what the media called Taiwan's first same-sex marriage ceremony. Archived from the original on 2 December Same-sex marriages could take place in counties here starting in three weeks, when the ruling becomes final Jim Douglas' veto.